The dynamics of industrial energy consumption in Latin America and their implications for sustainable development

Artigo publicado na edição de Dezembro 2011 da revista da CEPAL.

Hugo Altomonte, Director, Natural Resources and Infrastructure Division ECLAC, Nelson Correa, Research assistant, Division of Production, Productivity and Management ECLAC, Diego Rivas, Research assistant, Division of Production, Productivity and Management ECLAC and Giovanni Stumpo, Chief, Unit on Investment and Corporate Strategies, Division of Production, Productivity and Management ECLAC

This article analyses the relationship between energy consumption
in industry and industrial productivity and the implications of this for
sustainable development. To this end, it presents a matrix characterizing
economies as: (i) converging or diverging in terms of energy consumption
per unit of value added, and (ii) catching up with or falling further behind
the productivity level of the international frontier (the United States). On the
basis of data from the industrial surveys of four Latin American countries
(Brazil, Chile, Colombia and Mexico), it concludes that the region’s evident
specialization in natural resource-intensive sectors has contributed to a
pattern of high energy consumption and slow productivity growth, and
that while there is no productive convergence, there is evidence of energy
sustainability in three of the four countries analysed.

Full text article in pdf format (962 Kbs.)

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